All | B C D G M O P S T X There are 2 names in this directory beginning with the letter G.GingivitisGingivitis is an inflammation of the gums, also called gingiva. As plaque accumulates on and around the gums, bacteria produce harmful byproducts that can be detrimental to your gums. They can become red and bleed easily when touched. Gingivitis can progress to a more serious condition known as periodontitis or gum disease, which may lead to a chronic infection of the gums, surrounding bone, and supporting structures of the teeth causing the teeth to become loose. Proper cleaning of the teeth prevents gingivitis and the subsequent symptom of bleeding gums. Your dental hygienist or prosthodontist can teach you how to properly clean your teeth using a manual or electric toothbrush, dental floss, and mouth rinses. This is a very manageable disease process if proper care is maintained.Gum Disease/PeriodontitisGum disease is a term that refers to both gingivitis and the more serious condition of periodontitis. Most often gum disease refers to the chronic infection of periodontitis that can destroy the soft tissue in your mouth and the bone that supports the teeth. If left untreated, gum disease, or periodontitis, may result in tooth loss and in some cases it is associated with coronary artery disease. The most obvious cause of gum disease is poor oral hygiene, but several risk factors may increase your chances of developing gum disease. These risk factors include: smoking and tobacco use, family history, diabetes, stress, and in women, hormone changes associated with pregnancy and/or menopause. Proper cleaning of the teeth prevents gum disease and the subsequent symptom of bleeding gums. When the problem has progressed to periodontitis, you will likely need a deeper cleaning to eliminate the bacteria deep within your gums. After treatment and proper follow-up, your provider will be able to assess your progress.