All | B C D G M O P S T X There are 3 names in this directory beginning with the letter C.Cleft Lip/PalateA cleft lip and/or palate are birth defects affecting the roof of the mouth, alveolar process, and/or upper lip. In clefts, the hard and/or soft tissues do not completely develop and close during the first three months of pregnancy. A cleft may be just one side of the palate (unilateral) or both sides (bilateral), and may be part of a syndrome. A cleft may be caused by your mother’s drug or alcohol use, environmental factors, maternal age, or family history. Babies with cleft palates have problems with speech, feeding, development of teeth, ear infections, and hearing. The cleft palate is typically surgically repaired between the ages of 12-18 months. Cleft palates may occur in 1 out of every 2,500 births, and may be seen in an ultrasound before birth. After birth, a physical examination of the baby’s mouth will show the extent of the cleft palate. Because clefting leads to so many complications, people with clefts are often seen by a team of health care providers. The team may include a plastic surgeon, prosthodontist, speech pathologist, oral surgeon, pediatric dentist, and orthodontist. The prosthodontist’s role on this type of a team ranges from the early intervention with nasoalveolar molding. This is where an appliance is used in infants to help guide the growth of each side of the alveolar clefts. This can also be used to mold the baby’s nose to make the initial surgery more successful. The prosthodontist may also work with mature patients to replace any teeth that perhaps did not form due to the cleft. Sometimes oral appliances are required throughout the process to aid in speech, function, and esthetics.Congenital DefectsCongenital defects are disorders that occur while a baby is developing in the mother’s body, often during the first three months of pregnancy. Often called birth defects, most congenital defects are due to inherited or spontaneous genetic mutations. However, some congenital defects are caused by environmental factors such as drug or alcohol use, infections, nutritional deficiencies, or medical conditions. Congenital defects can involve any part of the body, and can be mild or serious, leading to death. One in every 33 babies is born with a defect and congenital defects may cause 1 in 5 infant deaths. Some congenital defects can be detected before the baby is born and treated. Other conditions can be treated with surgery or medication after birth. There are many parts of the body at risk of developmental defects and the teeth are no exception. Sometimes this is an absence of teeth, poorly developed tooth structures, or clefts. When there are congenital problems with teeth, a consultation with a prosthodontist can help guide you to the options that are right for you.Cracked Tooth/TeethA cracked tooth may occur when you chew on hard foods, may be caused by an accident or may be caused by grinding your teeth, also known as bruxism. Cracks are often shallow and don’t cause any problems. You may not even realize that you have a cracked tooth. On some occasions, a cracked tooth may cause pain or sensitivity if biting causes pressure on the cracked portion of the tooth. Treatment may vary depending on the size and location of the cracked tooth. Because these cracks are sometimes not visible, it can be challenging to diagnose the problem. Discomfort from biting pressures could mean the tooth is cracked, but could also be the result of other things. If you feel pain when you bite down on things, it is recommended you see your dental provider. They will be able to run tests to help determine the source of the pain. When teeth are cracked and symptomatic, it is often recommended to place a crown on the tooth. A crown works to hold the tooth together, preventing the separation of the segments on either side of the crack.